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2010/11/04 09:53
網路著作權侵權三振條款比較分析—以法、英、紐立法例為核心(1)

賴文智*、王文君**

摘要

自1998年美國DMCA有關ISP責任限制以來,網路著作權侵害主要挑戰來自網友濫用P2P軟體傳輸侵權影音檔案,著作權人無法透過通知、取下機制處理,而透過對P2P軟體經營者或使用者訴訟仍無法遏止侵權風潮,遂將焦點轉向ISP,要求其等對重複侵權者施以斷線或連線限制(俗稱「三振條款」)。
法國憲法委員會於2009年10月認定修正後之HADOPI法案合憲;英國於2010年4月經下議院三讀通過2010數位經濟法;紐西蘭於2010年4月一讀通過著作權法(侵權檔案分享)修正案,皆係回應該等立法需求。本文擬就前開立法例加以介紹,並以課予ISP及使用者特殊責任為重心進行分析,最後則與我國著作權法網路服務提供者民事免責事由一併檢討,並提出我國導入三振條款之評估建議。

關鍵字:三振條款、ISP責任限制、著作權


The Analysis of Three-Strikes Policy forOnline Copyright Infringement - Focus on the legislation in France, UK and NewZealand

Lai, Wenchi and Wang, Wen-Chun

Abstract

The ISP liability limitationsystem in U.S. 1998 DMCA, which is built to deal with the online copyrightinfringement, is challenged by the abuse of P2P software for sharing huge musicand video files, and copyright owners cannot be protected by the well-known Noticeand Take Down system.  Further more, evencopyright owners bring some P2P managers or users to the court, the copyrightinfringement cases are continuing increasing. Thus, copyright owners try to put more attention on ISP and ask ISP tosuspend or terminate the access service of repeat infringers, which is known as"Three-Strikes Policy".
The Constitutional Council ofFrance approved a revised version of HADOPI law (Loi favorisant la diffusion etla protection de la création sur Internet); the UK Digital Economy Act 2010 cameinto force on 8 June 2010; the Copyright (Infringing File Sharing) AmendmentBill was also at first reading in New Zealand, and these are focus on dealingwith the abuse of P2P software.  Thisarticle will introduce the aforementioned legislations and then try to analyzethem for impose some liabilities on ISP or account users. Finally, this articlewill compare these legislations with Taiwan's copyright law and try to makesome suggestions for introducing "Three-Strikes Policy" in Taiwan.
 

Keywords: Three-Strikes Policy, ISP LiabilityLimitation, Copyright


網路著作權侵權三振條款比較分析—以法、英、紐立法例為核心 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)

 


*     益思科技法律事務所律師,台灣大學法律學研究所碩士。

**   台灣大學建築與城鄉研究所博士候選人。


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